Tchoukball is a relatively new sport, invented in the late 1960s and first played in 1970. Combining the pace and excitement of handball and volleyball, tchoukball is the fastest handball sport in the world today.
Tchoukball is a team sport and is played with two rebounding nets called 'frames'. The frames are 100 centimetres square and are placed at both ends of the court. There is a three metre 'D' at both ends of the court - just in front of the frame which stands on the baseline. Officially, this area is known as the 'forbidden zone' - but on court we call it the D.
The court size varies depending on the ages of the players; a international standard court is maximum of 17m wide by 30m long. One of the main things that surprises people about tchoukball is that players can attack and defend at both ends of the court.
On each side there are 10 players named for any one game, 7 players and 3 substitutes. Although there are specialised positions in attack and defence, players are allowed to do either. Players fall into three categories; 'shooters' whose main aim is to score points, 'defenders' whose job it is to stop points being scored, and a 'centre', who spends most of their time in the centre of the court distributing play and also defending in case of a higher shot.
Put quite simply, the object of tchoukball is to throw or 'shoot' the ball at the frame, so that it rebounds and lands over the line of the D in the court. The opposition's job is to catch the ball to prevent their opponents scoring and then shoot it themselves. This sequence continues until a point is scored.
Everything works in 3s. You have 3 seconds with the ball, 3 steps with the ball, and 3 passes with the ball before it has to be shot at the frame. Tchoukball is a non-contact sport. There is no tackling involved and the only time possession switches from one team to the other is when the ball is caught by a defending player after the opposition shoots or the ball is dropped during play.
To shoot the ball at the frame you have to jump from outside the forbidden zone, and release it before you land.
When the ball is shot by a team, the opposing team has to defend around the line. Typically (as shown here on the left) the ball comes out very low and hard so the defenders will be on their knees to catch the ball. The two other players behind the defence are known as 'second line defenders'. They are defenders from the other end of the court who are there in case the ball is deflected upwards and behind the 'front line' of defence.
In order to score a point the player that has shot the ball into the frame must ensure that the ball lands outside of the 'D'. If it lands inside, it is a point to the defending team. Play will then restart from behind the frame the point was scored at.
This brief guide forms the basis of tchoukball. For a more thorough explanation, please contact us for further information.